The Stories . Art . Timeline . Cast . Main
Important Kit Kat Klub events:
- March 8, Herman is born.
- September 20, Danny "Babyface" Visconte is born in New York City.
- Ophilia E. Whitaker is born
- March 23, Frankie Shaughnessy is born
- February 22 in Berlin, Germany, Helga is born to parents.
- 28 July : World War I begins
- 29 October : German Revolution begins
- 11 November : World War I ends
- Late December 1918: The Communist Party of Germany is founded in Berlin.
- January : The Communist Party tries to seize power (the Spartacist revolt), but the coup fails and at the end of the month right-wing forces kill the Communist leaders Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht.
- 11 August : German Revolution ends and The Weimar Republic begins
- 28 June : The Treaty of Versailles is signed and those that reject it become the Nazi movement.
- Germany's "Years of crisis" begins
- March : Wolfgang Kapp, founder of the right wing German Fatherland Party (Deutsche Vaterlands-Partei), tried to bring down the government. The Berlin garrison chose his side, and the government buildings were occupied (the government had already left Berlin). A general strike stopped the putsch being successful.
- October 1 : The Greater Berlin Act created "Greater Berlin" (Groß-Berlin) by incorporating several neighboring towns and villages like Charlottenburg, Köpenick or Spandau from the Province of Brandenburg into the city; Berlin's population doubled overnight from about 2 to nearly 4 million inhabitants.
- Amelia Earhart begins to make a name for herself.
- The foreign minister Walther Rathenau was murdered in Berlin, and half a million people attended his funeral.
- The railway system, that connected Berlin to its neighboring cities and villages was electrified and transformed into the S-Bahn, and a year later Tempelhof airport was opened. Berlin was the second biggest inland harbor of the country.
- Germany's "Years of crisis" ends
- Germany's "Golden Era" begins (1924–1929)
- Talking pictures (Talkies) start to come out in cinemas.
- 450,000 people are unemployed.
- October 29 : Germany's "Golden Era" ends with the New York Stock exchange plummetting. The Great Depression starts. Germany's "Decline" begins. The Depression feeds the growth of the Nazi movement.
- March 8 : the first frozen foods were sold in Ringfield, Massachusetts, United States
- Full Color films begin to come out in the cinemas.
- William Faulkner's As I Lay Dying (1930)
- Aldous Huxley's Brave New World (1932)
- Germany's "Decline" ends
- 30 January 1933 : Adolf Hitler is sworn in as Chancellor.
Adolf Hitler and the National Socialist German Worker's Party (Nazi Party) rise to power in Germany in 1933, forming a fascist regime committed to repudiating the Treaty of Versailles, persecuting and removing Jews and other minorities from German society, expanding Germany's territory, and opposing the spread of communism.
- February 27 : Reichstag Fire
- March 5 : The NSDAP (Nazi Party) under Adolf Hitler wins the German federal election. Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany. Following the 1934 death in office of Paul von Hindenburg, President of Germany, Hitler's cabinet passed a law proclaiming the presidency vacant and transferred the role and powers of the head of state to Hitler as Führer und Reichskanzler (leader and chancellor). The Weimar Republic effectively gives way to Nazi Germany, a Totalitarian autocratic national socialist dictatorship.
- 24 March : The Enabling Act is passed.
- 25 March : The Weimar Republic ends and the Third Reich begins.
- In Dachau, Germany, the first concentration camp for political prisoners is opened
- April 1 : Sturmabteilung members place themselves outside Jewish-owned businesses to deter customers.
- Adolf Hitler gave the order to Ferdinand Porsche to develop a Volkswagen (the "people's car")
- Prohibition in the United States ends
- December 5, the ratification of the Twenty-first Amendment repealed the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
- Engelbert Dollfuss, Chancellor of Austria and leading figure of Austrofascism, is assassinated in 1934 by Austrian Nazis. Germany and Italy nearly clash over the issue of Austrian independence despite close ideological similarities of the Italian Fascist and Nazi regimes.
- The film Cleopatra is released.
- F. Scott Fitzgerald's Tender Is the Night (1934), John O'Hara's Appointment in Samarra (1934)
- Germany and Italy pursue territorial expansionist agendas. Germany demands the annexation of the Federal State of Austria and German-populated territories in Europe. From 1935 to 1936, Germany receives the Saar, remilitarizes the Rhineland. Italy initially opposes Germany's aims on Austria but the two countries resolve their differences in 1936 in the aftermath of Italy's diplomatic isolation following the start of the Second Italo-Abyssinian War. Germany becoming Italy's only remaining ally. Germany and Italy improve relations by forming an alliance against communism in 1936 with the signing of the Anti-Comintern Pact. Germany annexes Austria in the event known as the Anschluss. The annexation of Sudetenland followed after negotiations which resulted in the Munich Agreement of 1938. The Italian invasion of Albania in 1939 succeeds in turning the Kingdom of Albania to an Italian protectorate. The vacant throne was claimed by Victor Emmanuel III of Italy. Germany receives the Memel territory from Lithuania, occupies Czechoslovakia, and finally invades the Second Polish Republic. The final event resulting in the outbreak of World War II.
- Swing" music starts becoming popular (from 1935 onward). It gradually replaces the sweet form of Jazz that had been popular for the first half of the decade.
- Butterfield 8 (1935)
- August 1 : 1936 Summer Olympics begins. Hitler pulls Germany out of the League of Nations, but hosts the Summer Olympics to show his new reich to the world as well as the supposed Athleticism of his Aryan troops/athletes.
- August 16 : 1936 Summer Olympics ends. Germany takes 33 Gold Metals.
- Absalom, Absalom! (1936)
- July 2 : Amelia Earhart disappears
- Disney's Snow White and the Seven Dwarves was released in 1937.
- J.R.R. Tolkien's The Hobbit (1937), Of Mice and Men (1937), Ernest Hemingway's To Have and Have Not (1937)
- 30 September 1938 : Neville Chamberlain, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1937–1940), attempts the appeasement of Hitler in hope of avoiding war by allowing the dictator to annex the Sudetenland (the western regions of Czechoslovakia). Later signing the Munich Agreement and promising constituents "Peace for our time". He was ousted in favor of Winston Churchill in May 1940, after the Invasion of Norway.
- 9-10 November 1938 : The assassination of the German diplomat Ernst vom Rath by a German-born Polish Jew triggers the Kristallnacht (The Night of Broken Glass), carried out by the Hitler Youth, the Gestapo and the SS during which the Jewish population living in Nazi Germany and Austria were attacked – 91 Jews were murdered and 25,000 to 30,000 were arrested and placed in concentration camps. 267 synagogues were destroyed and thousands of homes and businesses were ransacked. Kristallnacht also served as a pretext and a means for the wholesale confiscation of firearms from German Jews.
- Thorton Wilder's play "Our Town"
- Superman first appears in comicbooks
- 23 August: The Nazi's "New Order" begins
- September 1: World War II Begins
- Multiple countries in the Americas including Canada, Cuba, and the United States controversially deny asylum to hundreds of Jewish German refugees on the MS St. Louis who are fleeing Germany in 1939 which under the Nazi regime was pursuing a racist agenda of anti-Semitic persecution. In the end, no country accepted the refugees and the ship returns to Germany with most of its passengers on board, while some commit suicide based on the prospect of returning to Nazi-run Germany.
- September 25 : Germans begin food rationing
- November 8: Hitler escapes a bomb blast in a Munich beerhall, where he was speaking on the anniversary of the Beer Hall Putsch of 1923. British bombers coincidentally bomb Munich.
- The Little Princess, The Wizard of Oz, and Gone with the Wind are released in 1939
- John Steinbeck's Grapes of Wrath (1939)
- Batman first appears in comicbooks
- August 25-26: Churchill orders the bombing of Berlin in retaliation for the previous night's bombing of Cripplegate. Both London and Berlin are bombed, Berlin for the first time.
- August 30 : The London Blitz begins
- Jews are required to wear a yellow badge in public. They are moved and kept in walled off ghettos.
- January : The plans for the "Final Solution of the Jewish Question" is discussed at the Wannsee Conference.
- Undesirables are taken to concentration camps: Jews, Romani, Jehovah's Witnesses, Polish, Poles and other Slavs, Soviet POWs, people with mental and/or physical disabilities, homosexuals, and members of the political and religious opposition are killed.
- Early in the year, German Jews in Berlin (around 75,000 were still living there) are taken to the Grunewald railway station and shipped in stock cars to death camps like Auschwitz (where most were murdered in the Holocaust). Around 1200 Jews survived in Berlin by hiding.
- Germans decide to evacuate non-essential people from Berlin to rural areas.
- November 18–19: The Battle of Berlin begins. Berlin first bombing occurs but doesn't cause much damage because of the cloudy night.
- November 22–23: Berlin is bombed again, killing 2,000 Berliners and rendered 175,000 homeless the first night and killing 1,000 and making 100,000 homeless the next. It damaged much of the residential areas to the west its centre (Tiergarten and Charlottenburg, Schöneberg and Spandau). Many firestorms are started because of the dry weather. Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church is destroyed, along with the British, French, Italian and Japanese embassies, Charlottenburg Palace, the Berlin Zoo, the Ministry of Munitions, the Waffen SS Administrative College, the barracks of the Imperial Guard at Spandau and several arms factories.
- December 17 : Berlin is bombed again, almost destroying the Berlin railway system. Most of Berlin is almost unlivable.
- 1.2 million people, 790,000 of them women and children, have been evacuated to the rural areas of Germany. Female labor becomes essential in keep Berlin's industrial going.
- January 28–29 : Berlin is bomb again, this time destroying much of the western and southern districts. This and December's bombing killed hundreds, making around 20,000 to 80,000 homeless each time the bombs fell.
- February 15–16 : Berlin is bombed, destroying many factories important to the (like the Siemensstadt area). The centre of Berlin, along with south-western districts are damaged considerably.
- March : The Battle of Berlin ends. Nearly 4,000 were killed in Berlin's bombing while almost 10,000 were injured and 450,000 were made homeless.
- February 3 : Berlin railway system is bombed
- February 26 : Berlin is bombed again, leaving 80,000 people homeless
- March, By the end of the month, Berlin had 314 air raids (85 occuring in the last twelve months)
- 30 April : Street combat occurs in Berlin and as Soviet troops close in on the Reich Chancellery, Hitler and Eva Braun committed suicide in his bunker.
- 4–8 May : Most of the surviving German armed forces surrendered unconditionally
- September 2, World War II Ends
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